how to pronounce imputation


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of imputation is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

imputation is pronounced in four syllables

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of imputation


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video examples of imputation pronunciation

An example use of imputation in a speech by a native speaker of british english:

“… is an opportunity for imputation of …”

meanings of imputation


  1. Charge or attribution of evil; censure; reproach; insinuation.
  2. A setting of something to the account of; the attribution of personal guilt or personal righteousness of another.
  3. A distribution that is efficient and individually rational.
  4. The act of imputing or charging; attribution; ascription.
  5. The process of replacing missing data with substituted values.
  6. That which has been imputed or charged.
  7. Opinion; intimation; hint.
  8. The statistical inference of unobserved genotypes.

imputation frequency in english - C2+ level of CEFR

the word imputation occurs in english on average 0.5 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2+ level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics imputation can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that imputation can be often used in the following areas:

1) business and work;

2) communication, information, and media;

3) education, science, and technology;

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