how to pronounce ruff


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An example use of ruff in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… builder ruff Masons cut mortared and …”

meanings of ruff


  1. Anything formed with plaits or flutings like a frill.
  2. Alternative spelling of ruffe: a small freshwater fish of the genus Gymnocephalus; specifically the Eurasian ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernua or Gymnocephalus cernuus) which has spiny fins; the pope.
  3. An instance of ruffing, or an opportunity to ruff, when unable to follow suit.
  4. A low, vibrating beat of a drum, quieter than a roll; a ruffle.
  5. A collar of lengthened or distinctively coloured fur on or around the neck of an animal.
  6. A collar on a shaft or other piece to prevent endwise motion.
  7. Philomachus pugnax (syn. Calidris pugnax), a gregarious, medium-sized wading bird of Eurasia; specifically, a male of the species which develops a distinctive ruff of feathers and ear tufts during mating season (the female is called a reeve).
  8. A set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers on or around the neck of a bird.
  9. Arripis georgianus, a fish found in cool waters off the southern coast of Australia; the Australian herring or tommy ruff.
  10. A circular frill or ruffle on a garment, especially a starched, fluted frill at the neck in Elizabethan and Jacobean England (1560s-1620s).
  11. A bottom-dwelling carnivorous fish of the family Sparidae found in temperate and tropical waters; a porgy or sea bream.
  12. Senses relating to animals.
  13. A game similar to whist and its predecessor.
  14. An exhibition of haughtiness or pride.
  15. Tumultuous or wanton conduct or procedure.


  1. Of a bird: to ruffle its feathers.
  2. Especially in the form ruff out: to defeat (a card, etc.) by ruffing, thus establishing the master card in the suit led.
  3. To boast, to brag.
  4. Of a falcon, hawk, etc.: to hit (the prey) without fixing or grabbing hold of it.
  5. To play a trump card to a trick when unable to follow suit (that is, to play a card of the same suit as the previous or leading card).
  6. To shape (fabric, etc.) into a ruff; to adorn (a garment, etc.) with a ruff.
  7. To ruffle; to disorder.
  8. To beat a ruff or ruffle, as on a drum.
  9. Of a drum, etc.: to have a ruff or ruffle beaten on it.
  10. To speak in a loud and domineering manner; to bluster, to swagger.


  1. The bark of a dog; arf, woof.


  1. Alternative spelling of rough.

words with pronunciation similar to ruff