the above transcription of ruff is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.
ruff is pronounced in one syllable
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video examples of ruff pronunciation
An example use of ruff in a speech by a native speaker of american english:
“… builder ruff Masons cut mortared and …”
meanings of ruff
Anything formed with plaits or flutings like a frill.
Alternative spelling of ruffe: a small freshwater fish of the genus Gymnocephalus; specifically the Eurasian ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernua or Gymnocephalus cernuus) which has spiny fins; the pope.
An instance of ruffing, or an opportunity to ruff, when unable to follow suit.
A low, vibrating beat of a drum, quieter than a roll; a ruffle.
A collar of lengthened or distinctively coloured fur on or around the neck of an animal.
A collar on a shaft or other piece to prevent endwise motion.
Philomachus pugnax (syn. Calidris pugnax), a gregarious, medium-sized wading bird of Eurasia; specifically, a male of the species which develops a distinctive ruff of feathers and ear tufts during mating season (the female is called a reeve).
A set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers on or around the neck of a bird.
Arripis georgianus, a fish found in cool waters off the southern coast of Australia; the Australian herring or tommy ruff.
A circular frill or ruffle on a garment, especially a starched, fluted frill at the neck in Elizabethan and Jacobean England (1560s-1620s).
A bottom-dwelling carnivorous fish of the family Sparidae found in temperate and tropical waters; a porgy or sea bream.
Senses relating to animals.
A game similar to whist and its predecessor.
An exhibition of haughtiness or pride.
Tumultuous or wanton conduct or procedure.
Of a bird: to ruffle its feathers.
Especially in the form ruff out: to defeat (a card, etc.) by ruffing, thus establishing the master card in the suit led.
To boast, to brag.
Of a falcon, hawk, etc.: to hit (the prey) without fixing or grabbing hold of it.
To play a trump card to a trick when unable to follow suit (that is, to play a card of the same suit as the previous or leading card).
To shape (fabric, etc.) into a ruff; to adorn (a garment, etc.) with a ruff.
To ruffle; to disorder.
To beat a ruff or ruffle, as on a drum.
Of a drum, etc.: to have a ruff or ruffle beaten on it.
To speak in a loud and domineering manner; to bluster, to swagger.
The bark of a dog; arf, woof.
Alternative spelling of rough.
ruff frequency in english - C2+ level of CEFR
the word ruff occurs in english on average 0.6 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2+ level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.
topics ruff can be related to
it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that ruff can be often used in the following areas: