how to pronounce ref


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of ref is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

ref is pronounced in one syllable

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of ref


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video examples of ref pronunciation

An example use of ref in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… just give the ball to the ref we scored …”

meanings of ref


  1. Abbreviation of refectory.
  2. A refrigerator.
  3. A referee.
  4. Abbreviation of reference.


  1. A surname​.
  2. Initialism of Research Excellence Framework: a system for assessing the quality of research in higher-education institutions.


  1. To referee; to act as a referee in a sport or game.

ref frequency in english - C2 level of CEFR

the word ref occurs in english on average 1.8 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics ref can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that ref can be often used in the following areas:

1) business and work;

2) communication, information, and media;

3) education, science, and technology;

words with pronunciation similar to ref


words that rhyme with ref


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