audio example by a male speaker
audio example by a female speaker
the above transcription of ref is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.
press buttons with phonetic symbols to learn how to precisely pronounce each sound of ref
press the "test" button to check how closely you can replicate the pitch of a native speaker in your pronunciation of ref
An example use of ref in a speech by a native speaker of american english:
“… just give the ball to the ref we scored …”
the word ref occurs in english on average 1.8 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.
it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that ref can be often used in the following areas:
1) business and work;
2) communication, information, and media;
3) education, science, and technology;