how to pronounce reference


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of reference is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

reference is pronounced in three syllables

press buttons with phonetic symbols to learn how to precisely pronounce each sound of reference

example pitch curve for pronunciation of reference


test your pronunciation of reference

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video examples of reference pronunciation

An example use of reference in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… to keep your reference points think with …”

meaning of reference

Reference is a noun that means a source of information or a document that provides information about a subject.

reference frequency in english - B1 level of CEFR

the word reference occurs in english on average 36.3 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for B1 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics reference can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that reference can be often used in the following areas:

1) business and work;

2) communication, information, and media;

3) education, science, and technology;

words that rhyme with reference


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