how to pronounce perturbation


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of perturbation is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

perturbation is pronounced in four syllables

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of perturbation


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video examples of perturbation pronunciation

An example use of perturbation in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… that any sort of perturbation would push …”

meanings of perturbation


  1. Variation in an orbit due to the influence of external bodies.
  2. A small change in a physical system, or more broadly any definable system (such as a biological or economic system).
  3. Agitation; the state of being perturbed.

perturbation frequency in english - C2+ level of CEFR

the word perturbation occurs in english on average 0.1 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2+ level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics perturbation can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that perturbation can be often used in the following areas:

1) communication, information, and media;

2) education, science, and technology;

words with pronunciation similar to perturbation


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