how to pronounce including


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of including is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

including is pronounced in three syllables

press buttons with phonetic symbols to learn how to precisely pronounce each sound of including

example pitch curve for pronunciation of including


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video examples of including pronunciation

An example use of including in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… the moon by 2024 including the first …”

meanings of including


  1. Introducing a finite clause.
  2. Such as, among which; introducing one or more parts of the group or topic just mentioned.


  1. Present participle and gerund of include.

including frequency in english - A1 level of CEFR

the word including occurs in english on average 204.1 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for A1 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics including can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that including can be often used in the following areas:

1) communication, information, and media;

words that rhyme with including


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