audio example by a male speaker
audio example by a female speaker
the above transcription of circulation is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.
press buttons with phonetic symbols to learn how to precisely pronounce each sound of circulation
press the "test" button to check how closely you can replicate the pitch of a native speaker in your pronunciation of circulation
An example use of circulation in a speech by a native speaker of american english:
“… the amount of usdc in circulation has …”
Circulation is the movement of something through a system or medium.
the word circulation occurs in english on average 5.7 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C1 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.