how to pronounce substrate


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of substrate is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

substrate is pronounced in two syllables

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of substrate


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video examples of substrate pronunciation

An example use of substrate in a speech by a native speaker of british english:

“… protein as a substrate so you could …”

meanings of substrate


  1. An underlying layer; a substratum.
  2. A metal which is plated with another metal which has different physical properties.
  3. The substance lining the bottom edge of an enclosure.
  4. A surface on which an organism grows, or to which an organism or an item is attached.
  5. A language that is replaced in a population by another language and that influences the language imposed on its speakers.
  6. A surface to which a substance adheres.
  7. What an enzyme acts upon.


  1. To strew or lay under.


  1. Having very slight furrows.

substrate frequency in english - C2 level of CEFR

the word substrate occurs in english on average 3.2 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics substrate can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that substrate can be often used in the following areas:

1) business and work;

2) education, science, and technology;

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