how to pronounce sham


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of sham is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

sham is pronounced in one syllable

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of sham


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video examples of sham pronunciation

An example use of sham in a speech by a native speaker of british english:

“… just as good as sham surgery so sham …”

meanings of sham


  1. A fake; an imitation that purports to be genuine.
  2. A decorative cover for a pillow.
  3. Trickery, hoaxing.
  4. A false front, or removable ornamental covering.


  1. To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.
  2. To obtrude by fraud or imposition.
  3. To deceive, cheat, lie.


  1. Counterfeit; unreal.
  2. Intended to deceive; false.

sham frequency in english - C2 level of CEFR

the word sham occurs in english on average 2.3 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics sham can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that sham can be often used in the following areas:

1) communication, information, and media;

words with pronunciation similar to sham


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