audio example by a male speaker
audio example by a female speaker
the above transcription of certain is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.
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An example use of certain in a speech by a native speaker of british english:
“… sure and be a certain yeah to take that …”
Certain means certain to happen or certain to be true.
the word certain occurs in english on average 216.3 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for A1 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.
it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that certain can be often used in the following areas:
1) communication, information, and media;