how to pronounce sufficiency


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of sufficiency is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

sufficiency is pronounced in four syllables

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of sufficiency


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video examples of sufficiency pronunciation

An example use of sufficiency in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… must demonstrate self-sufficiency of the …”

meanings of sufficiency


  1. An adequate amount.
  2. The quality or condition of being sufficient.

sufficiency frequency in english - C2+ level of CEFR

the word sufficiency occurs in english on average 0.5 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2+ level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics sufficiency can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that sufficiency can be often used in the following areas:

1) business and work;

2) communication, information, and media;

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