how to pronounce substrate


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An example use of substrate in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… around substrate substitutions so how to …”

meanings of substrate


  1. An underlying layer; a substratum.
  2. A metal which is plated with another metal which has different physical properties.
  3. The substance lining the bottom edge of an enclosure.
  4. A surface on which an organism grows, or to which an organism or an item is attached.
  5. A language that is replaced in a population by another language and that influences the language imposed on its speakers.
  6. A surface to which a substance adheres.
  7. What an enzyme acts upon.


  1. To strew or lay under.


  1. Having very slight furrows.

words with pronunciation similar to substrate