how to pronounce run


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of run is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

run is pronounced in one syllable

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of run


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video examples of run pronunciation

An example use of run in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… but you will have to run a mile as a …”

meanings of run


  1. To make a liquid flow; to make liquid flow from an object.
  2. To cost a large amount of money.
  3. Of a liquid, to flow.
  4. To drive or force; to cause, or permit, to be driven.
  5. To be popularly known; to be generally received.
  6. To tend, as to an effect or consequence; to incline.
  7. To sew (a seam) by passing the needle through material in a continuous line, generally taking a series of stitches on the needle at the same time.
  8. To smuggle (illegal goods).
  9. To make participate in certain kinds of competitions.
  10. To speedrun.
  11. Of fish, to migrate for spawning.
  12. To carry (a football) down the field, as opposed to passing or kicking.
  13. To fuse; to shape; to mould; to cast.
  14. To transport someone or something, notionally at a brisk pace.
  15. Of stitches or stitched clothing, to unravel.
  16. To be in form thus, as a combination of words.
  17. To make run in an election.
  18. To make run in a race.
  19. To leak or spread in an undesirable fashion; to bleed (especially used of dye or paint).
  20. To exert continuous activity; to proceed.
  21. Of a machine, including computer programs, to be operating or working normally.
  22. To cause to move quickly or lightly.
  23. Past participle of rin.
  24. To achieve or perform by running or as if by running.
  25. To become liquid; to melt.
  26. To cause to enter; to thrust.
  27. To juggle a pattern continuously, as opposed to starting and stopping quickly.
  28. To move or spread quickly.
  29. To flee from a danger or towards help.
  30. To go through without stopping, usually illegally.
  31. To extend or persist, statically or dynamically, through space or time.
  32. To make something extend in space.
  33. To cause to be drawn; to mark out; to indicate; to determine.
  34. To control or have precedence in a card game.
  35. To strike (the ball) in such a way as to cause it to run along the ground, as when approaching a hole.
  36. To pursue in thought; to carry in contemplation.
  37. Of an object, to have a liquid flowing from it.
  38. To be presented in the media.
  39. To sort through a large volume of produce in quality control.
  40. To extend in space or through a range (often with a measure phrase).
  41. To move forward quickly upon two feet by alternately making a short jump off either foot. (Compare walk.).
  42. To become different in a way mentioned (usually to become worse).
  43. To control or manage, be in charge of.
  44. To encounter or suffer (a particular, usually bad, fate or misfortune).
  45. (fluids) To flow.
  46. To be a candidate in an election.
  47. To encounter or incur (a danger or risk).
  48. To have a legal course; to be attached; to continue in force, effect, or operation; to follow; to go in company.
  49. To have growth or development.
  50. To make a machine operate.
  51. To print or broadcast in the media.
  52. To sail before the wind, in distinction from reaching or sailing close-hauled.
  53. To tease with sarcasms and ridicule.
  54. To move swiftly.
  55. To compete in a race.
  56. To go at a fast pace, to move quickly.
  57. To pass or go quickly in thought or conversation.
  58. To put at hazard; to venture; to risk.
  59. To extend in time, to last, to continue (usually with a measure phrase).
  60. To execute or carry out a plan, procedure, or program.


  1. A score when a runner touches all bases legally; the act of a runner scoring.
  2. The horizontal length of a set of stairs.
  3. A production quantity (such as in a factory).
  4. In sports.
  5. The act of passing from one wicket to another; the point scored for this.
  6. The distance a ball travels after touching the ground from a stroke.
  7. The horizontal distance to which a drift may be carried, either by licence of the proprietor of a mine or by the nature of the formation; also, the direction which a vein of ore or other substance takes.
  8. The execution of a program or model.
  9. A fast gallop.
  10. A small creek or part thereof. (Compare Southern US branch and New York and New England brook.).
  11. A voyage.
  12. Unrestricted use. Only used in have the run of.
  13. Act or instance of hurrying (to or from a place) (not necessarily on foot); dash or errand, trip. I need to make a run to the store.
  14. A (regular) trip or route.
  15. State of being current; currency; popularity.
  16. A sequence of cards in a suit in a card game.
  17. A line of knit stitches that have unravelled, particularly in a nylon stocking.
  18. A pair or set of millstones.
  19. A running play.
  20. Any sudden large demand for something.
  21. A playthrough, or attempted playthrough; a session of play.
  22. Migration (of fish).
  23. Horizontal dimension of a slope.
  24. A quick pace, faster than a walk.
  25. Various horizontal dimensions or surfaces.
  26. A continuous period (of time) marked by a trend; a period marked by a continuing trend.
  27. Continuous or sequential.
  28. The route taken while running or skiing.
  29. The movement communicated to a golf ball by running it.
  30. A period of extended (usually daily) drug use.
  31. A rapid passage in music, especially along a scale.
  32. The distance sailed by a ship.
  33. A sudden series of demands on a bank or other financial institution, especially characterised by great withdrawals.
  34. Rural landholding for farming, usually for running sheep, and operated by a runholder.
  35. A group of fish that migrate, or ascend a river for the purpose of spawning.
  36. A standard or unexceptional group or category.
  37. A pleasure trip.
  38. Act or instance of running, of moving rapidly using the feet.
  39. The top of a step on a staircase, also called a tread, as opposed to the rise.
  40. A series of tries in a game that were successful.
  41. A literal or figurative path or course for movement relating to:.
  42. Flight, instance or period of fleeing.
  43. A flow of liquid; a leak.
  44. The period of showing of a play, film, TV series, etc.
  45. An enclosure for an animal; a track or path along which something can travel.
  46. A single trip down a hill, as in skiing and bobsledding.
  47. A trial.
  48. The distance drilled with a bit, in oil drilling.
  49. The stern of the underwater body of a ship from where it begins to curve upward and inward.


  1. In a liquid state; melted or molten.
  2. Exhausted; depleted (especially with "down" or "out").
  3. Travelled, migrated; having made a migration or a spawning run.
  4. Smuggled.
  5. Cast in a mould.

run frequency in english - A1 level of CEFR

the word run occurs in english on average 281.5 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for A1 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics run can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that run can be often used in the following areas:

1) business and work;

2) people, society, and culture;

3) transport and travel;

words with pronunciation similar to run


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