how to pronounce hardness


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of hardness is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

hardness is pronounced in two syllables

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of hardness


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video examples of hardness pronunciation

An example use of hardness in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… voltage water hardness all these things …”

meanings of hardness


  1. An instance of this quality; hardship.
  2. The penetrating ability of electromagnetic radiation, such as x-rays; generally, the shorter the wavelength, the harder and more penetrating the radiation.
  3. The quality of being hard.
  4. The measure of resistance to damage of a facility, equipment, installation, or telecommunications infrastructure when subjected to attack.
  5. The quantity of calcium carbonate dissolved in water, usually expressed in parts per million (ppm).
  6. The resistance to scratching, cutting, indentation or abrasion of a metal or other solid material.

hardness frequency in english - C2+ level of CEFR

the word hardness occurs in english on average 0.9 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2+ level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics hardness can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that hardness can be often used in the following areas:

1) business and work;

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