how to pronounce hardness

/ˈhɑːɹdnəs/

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the above transcription of hardness is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

hardness frequency in english - C2 level of CEFR

the word hardness occurs in english on average 2 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C2 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

hardness is pronounced in two syllables

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of hardness

hɑːɹdnəs

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video examples of hardness pronunciation

An example use of hardness in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… voltage water hardness all these things …”

meanings of hardness

noun:

  1. An instance of this quality; hardship.
  2. The penetrating ability of electromagnetic radiation, such as x-rays; generally, the shorter the wavelength, the harder and more penetrating the radiation.
  3. The quality of being hard.
  4. The measure of resistance to damage of a facility, equipment, installation, or telecommunications infrastructure when subjected to attack.
  5. The quantity of calcium carbonate dissolved in water, usually expressed in parts per million (ppm).
  6. The resistance to scratching, cutting, indentation or abrasion of a metal or other solid material.

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