how to pronounce downward


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of downward is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

downward is pronounced in two syllables

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of downward


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video examples of downward pronunciation

An example use of downward in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… lead to a downward economic spiral for …”

meanings of downward


  1. Toward a lower level, whether in physical space, in a hierarchy, or in amount or value.
  2. Southward.
  3. At a lower level.


  1. Located at a lower level.
  2. Moving, sloping or oriented downward.

downward frequency in english - C1 level of CEFR

the word downward occurs in english on average 5.7 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C1 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

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