how to pronounce abstract


audio example by a male speaker

audio example by a female speaker

the above transcription of abstract is a detailed (narrow) transcription according to the rules of the International Phonetic Association; you can find a description of each symbol by clicking the phoneme buttons in the secction below.

abstract is pronounced in two syllables

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example pitch curve for pronunciation of abstract


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video examples of abstract pronunciation

An example use of abstract in a speech by a native speaker of american english:

“… and we saw more abstract art work and …”

meaning of abstract

Abstract means not concrete or tangible.

abstract frequency in english - C1 level of CEFR

the word abstract occurs in english on average 12.5 times per one million words; this frequency warrants it to be in the study list for C1 level of language mastery according to CEFR, the Common European Framework of Reference.

topics abstract can be related to

it is hard to perfectly classify words into specific topics since each word can have many context of its use, but our machine-learning models believe that abstract can be often used in the following areas:

1) communication, information, and media;

2) education, science, and technology;

3) people, society, and culture;

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